Latest activity

Blog: Land credit policy in Brazil: evidence from social networks

Patricia Andrade de Oliveira e Silva and Marcelo Marques de Magalhães
October 21, 2016

Brazilian poverty rates are generally highest among family farmers in the country’s Northeast region. Of special note among rural development policies is the National Land Credit Programme (Programa Nacional de Crédito Fundiário—PNCF), [1] which provides credit to farmers with little or no land to buy a property and carry out the necessary improvements. However, in an effort to reduce default rates, to receive credit, farmers are required to be organised; therefore, the policy indirectly promotes association and the generation of social capital (the assets that are the result of social relations). Thus, although not explicitly the policy’s main objective, the generation of social capital can contribute towards rural development in the country.

Research Review: Analyzing the spatial allocation of public services with transparent data

Anders Fredriksson (Center for Organization Studies (CORS), FEAUSP, University of São Paulo)
October 20, 2016

It is often argued that public goods and services are provided in order to benefit certain groups of the population. This could be for political- or other reasons. In a recent paper I look at one specific aspect of public services, that is, the spatial distribution. I limit myself to services for which citizens visit the place of service delivery. The goal is to develop a transparent method in order to assess the optimality of the spatial distribution, which can then be used as an input to analyses of e.g. political manipulation. The paper, “Location-allocation of public services – Citizen access, Transparency and Measurement. A method and evidence from Brazil and Sweden” is forthcoming in Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, and will be presented at the 2016 LACEA meeting.

Blog: Lo que pasa cuando mamá y papá sí saben leer

Cecilia Martínez Gomez
October 19, 2016

Leer no es solo saber que al escribir p y a juntas se forma la sílaba pa; que si escribes papa, hablas de un tubérculo o de la máxima autoridad de la iglesia católica y que con acento, papá es el hombre que ha dado vida o ejerce de padre. Así, existe diferencia entre el alfabetismo, el analfabetismo y el analfabetismo funcional. A pesar de que en la región de América Latina y el Caribe se ha avanzado considerablemente en la cobertura educativa y las tasas de alfabetismo, el analfabetismo funcional es aún un problema que refleja la desigualdad en la región. En el día de la alfabetización, comparto lo que significan estos términos y cómo influyen en una persona a lo largo de su vida, desde los primeros años.

Working papers: Latest Research

New entries on 18 October 2016

Blog: How can Latin America escape it's middle-income trap?

Daniel Gomez Gaviria (Head of Competitiveness Research, World Economic Forum)
October 17, 2016

This year’s Global Competitiveness Report has good, bad and ugly news for Latin America and the Caribbean. The top performing country in the region remains Chile (33th), rising two places in the rankings, followed by Panama (42th), which moves up eight places. Costa Rica falls slightly to 54th, while Mexico (51st) moves up six. In fact, 4 of the top 10 highest movers this year come from the Latin America and Caribbean region: Jamaica, Panama, Dominican Republic, and Mexico. Among the economies falling in the ranking are El Salvador, Ecuador, Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago, and Bolivia.

Blog: Aspects of Chilean and Peruvian safety nets

Pedro Arruda, Manoel Salles and Luísa A. Nazareno
October 14, 2016

This One Pager aims to synthesise the broader findings of a larger working paper (Arruda et al. 2016) regarding the social policies and programmes of Chile and Peru. The social protection networks of these countries are largely the outcome of responsive actions determined by their socio-political and economic contexts. Both countries hold constant surveys to monitor prices, and their domestic poverty and extreme poverty thresholds are defined accordingly. They also feature national household surveys that, among other things, enable the authorities to estimate the incidence of poverty. Both feature targeting instruments that prioritise the most vulnerable households for social policies and programmes. The Chilean targeting instrument—the Fichas de Protección Social (FPS)—derives from a previous instrument dating back to 1979, and thus allows for broader coverage and a more accurate protocol for validating data than the Peruvian one, which is as recent as 2007.

Research Review: Where are the Latin American Bill Gateses?

Sebastian Galiani and Marisol Rodríguez Chatruc
October 13, 2016

The number of billionaires has soared in the past few years. Many of these “superstars” have amassed their fortunes very swiftly by creating companies that are much more innovative, productive and dynamic that the rest. Latin America, however, appears not to have been swept up in the “billionaire boom”; nor has it witnessed the steep increase in inequality that has occurred in other parts of the world. In this post, we will review the empirical evidence and propose a preliminary explanation for why Latin America’s experience has differed from that of other world regions.

Blog: Donde hay niños y niñas, ¿hay centros de cuidado?

Richard Detomasi, Germán Botto, Martín Hahn y Guillermo D´Angelo
October 12, 2016

Uno de los grandes desafíos de ofrecer servicios para la primera infancia, es la cobertura de los centros disponibles para todos los niños y niñas. Es así que varios países de la región, se encuentran usando herramientas y metodologías innovadoras para determinar las zonas geográficas que carecen de estos servicios. Luego de publicar el ejemplo de Chile, esta vez te presentamos la experiencia de Uruguay. Este país se encontró con la necesidad de una evaluación en la planificación de su oferta pública de educación inicial para los niños de uno a tres años. Continua leyendo el proceso de esta evaluación y toma lo que te sirva para mejorar los servicios que se ofrecen en tu país.

Working papers: Latest Research

New entries on 11 October 2016

Share this