Latest activity

Blog: Are men the new weaker sex? The rise of the reverse gender gap in education

Francisco Ferreira
July 13, 2018

It is probably fair to say that the World Bank’s latest report on intergenerational mobility - Fair Progress? Economic Mobility across Generations around the World – is the first-ever attempt to paint a truly global picture of how achievement – or the lack thereof – is transmitted across generations. Though there are results for income mobility for a subset of countries, most of the analysis focuses on educational attainment across 148 economies, representing over 95% of the world’s population.


Working paper: The Effectiveness of Sin Food Taxes: Evidence from Mexico

Arturo Aguilar, Emilio Gutierrez and Enrique Seira
July 12, 2018

We measure the effects of two federal taxes in Mexico aimed at reducing obesity by taxing sugary drinks (SDs) and high caloric foods (HCFs). We use a weekly scanner panel dataset with more than 58,721 product barcodes. We find 6 percent lower SD consumption but no decrease in HCFs consumption. We find substantial substitution towards non-taxed goods, smaller unit sizes, and in the case of HCFs to higher calorie per gram foods. Overall, sugar consumption decreased 2 percent, saturated fat and cholesterol increased 2 and 6 percent, but total calories remained unchanged. Available evidence shows no effect on BMI.


Blog: Diseño de una forma más justa de consolidación fiscal

Javier Arze del Granado, Kimberly Beaton y Aliona Cebotari
July 11, 2018

Con la expectativa de que el crecimiento cobre impulso en 2018, es el momento para que los países de América Latina y el Caribe se concentren en recomponer sus colchones fiscales, que en los últimos años se han deteriorado en virtud del fin del superciclo de las materias primas y otros factores que originaron una acentuada caída en los ingresos.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of July 10, 2018


Blog: La relación entre la estabilidad política y el desarrollo infantil

Cecilia Vaca Jones
July 9, 2018

Las cosas han cambiado para miles de niños en situación de vulnerabilidad y pobreza. Las tasas de desnutrición, por ejemplo, se han reducido a la mitad, y la mortalidad infantil en menores de 5 años ha disminuido. El crecimiento económico y el incremento en la inversión social de las últimas décadas en América Latina han permitido estas mejoras significativas en la reducción de la pobreza.


Blog: Participación de hombres y mujeres en el mercado de trabajo. ¿Qué explica el estancamiento?

Jorge A. Paz (Investigador CONICET – IELDE/UNSa)
July 6, 2018

La trayectoria que describe la tasa de actividad de hombres y mujeres es similar a la encontrada en todos los países que disponen de información adecuada y de calidad aceptable, entre ellos varios de América Latina (por ejemplo, Gasparini y Marchionni, 2015). El Gráfico permite apreciar una reducción en la brecha de participación entre sexos y un estancamiento (con una leve retracción) de la tasa de participación de las mujeres en un nivel cercano al 60% de la población femenina adulta. Como resultado de este proceso queda una brecha abierta, en el caso de los EEU un poco superior a los 12 puntos porcentuales.


Working paper: Crime and Durable Goods

Sebastian Galiani, Laura Jaitman and Federico Weinschelbaum
July 5, 2018

We develop a theoretical model to study how changes in the durability of the goods affects prices of stolen goods, the incentives to steal and the equilibrium crime rate. When studying the production of durable goods, we find that the presence of crime affects consumer and producer surplus and thus their behaviour, market equilibrium, and, in turn, the social optimum. Lower durability of goods reduces the incentive to steal those goods, thus reducing crime. When crime is included in the standard framework of durable goods, the socially optimal durability level is lower. When considering different stealing technologies, perfect competition either over-produces durability or produces zero (minimum) durability. The monopolist under-produces durability. The model has a clear policy implication: the durability of goods, and the market structure for those goods, can be an effective instrument to reduce crime. In particular, making the durability of a good contingent upon that good being stolen is likely to increase welfare. We also study the incentives to develop and use this optimal technology.


Blog: From expansion to austerity: challenges and risks of the radical fiscal policy turn in Brazil

Rodrigo Octávio Orair (Institute for Applied Economic Research - Ipea and International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth - IPC-IG) and Sergio Wulff Gobetti (Ipea)
July 4, 2018

Brazil, in the period after the great financial crisis of 2007–2008, presents a compelling case study of the interactions between fiscal policy and business cycles. The country is noteworthy not only for being one of the very few that dealt relatively well with the most acute stage of the crisis, maintaining its dynamism throughout most of the 2007–2010 period, but also for the speed of its economic and fiscal deterioration during the 2011–2014 economic slowdown, and the subsequent 2015–2016 recession.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of July 3, 2018

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