Latest activity

​Blog: ¿Pueden los trabajadores latinoamericanos evitar las muertes por desesperación?

Steven Ambrus
April 28, 2017

Durante gran parte del último siglo, las tasas de mortalidad en Estados Unidos cayeron de forma constante. Pero durante 1998-2013, esa tendencia se revirtió en un grupo demográfico en particular: las personas blancas de origen no hispano de entre 45 y 54 años. El problema, según un nuevo estudio del economista premio Nobel Angus Deaton y su colega Anne Case, se centraba en las personas sin título universitario. Decenas de miles de esos adultos blancos morían “por desesperación” a causa del suicidio, las drogas y el alcohol, causando una caída general de las tasas de mortalidad en ese grupo demográfico y, para 2014-2015, en la expectativa de vida en Estados Unidos en total.


New Opportunities for Economists: Jobs

  • Programa de Investigadores Visitantes, en el Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Washington, D.C. USA. Application Deadline: April 30, 2017
  • Country Economist (Economics Sr. Specialist) at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Jamaica. Application Deadline: April 30, 2017
  • Assistant Professor at UNISINOS, São Leopoldo, Brazil. Application Deadline: May 22, 2017
  • Especialista Líder (Economista de País), Panamá en el Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Application Deadline: May 24, 2017
  • Especialista Senior/Especialista en Economía (Economista de País)-HQ y otros países en el Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), HQ-US-Washington DC. Application Deadline: May 24, 2017
  • Especialista Senior/Especialista en Economía (Economista de País)-HQ y otros países, Departamento de Países Belice, Centroamérica, México, Panamá y Rep. Dominicana en el Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), HQ-US-Washington DC. Application Deadline: May 24, 2017
  • Especialista Senior/Especialista en Economía (Economista de País)-HQ y otros países GRADO 4/5 en el Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), HQ-US-Washington DC. Application Deadline: May 24, 2017

​Blog: What we know and what we don´t know about the social realities in the Caribbean

Héctor Salazar
April 26, 2017

Did you know that in the Caribbean, youth unemployment is higher and adolescent fertility is lower than in the rest of the region, and that the female labor force participation is at the top in Latin America and the Caribbean? These are just three of the various facts, from the universe of 28 million observations analyzed, which can be extracted from Social Pulse 2016, one of the five annual reports of the Inter-American Development Bank. This study, led by Suzanne Duryea and Marcos Robles, describes the trends in over thirty key social indicators since the mid-1990s.  It also analyzes two issues in depth - changes in the family composition and the age profile of poverty- which could be affecting the dynamics within households and the scope of social protection programs.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of April 25, 2017


Blog: 3 challenges Latin American economies must overcome to boost intraregional trade

Anabel González (Senior Director, Global Practice on Trade and Competitiveness, World Bank Group)
April 24, 2017

In the latter part of the 20th century, trade integration helped drive economic growth in advanced and developing countries, lifting millions out of poverty. Since the early 2000s, however, a slowdown in the pace of trade reform, a post-crisis uptick in protectionism, and risk of further reversals are taking a toll on trade, productivity and income growth. In this context, regional integration is increasingly seen as a powerful driver of growth and new opportunities. The long-term trend towards regional integration is clear: in the last two decades there has been steady progress towards more integrated regional economies in almost every part of the world.


Blog: Un período largo de tasas de interés bajas podría redefinir el sector de la industria financiera

Gaston Gelos y Jay Surti
April 21, 2017

¿Qué pasa si las economías avanzadas permanecen atascadas en un bache duradero caracterizado por un crecimiento tenue, tasas de interés bajas, poblaciones en proceso de envejecimiento y productividad estancada? Japón ofrece un ejemplo del impacto en los bancos, y nuestro análisis indica que las empresas de seguros, los fondos de pensiones y los administradores de activos también podrían estar expuestos a consecuencias de gran alcance. Cabría decir que este escenario de malestar económico ya se ha materializado; después de todo, las tasas de interés y el crecimiento económico han estado en niveles bajos desde la crisis financiera de 2008. La pregunta es si el panorama posterior a la crisis representa una desaceleración temporal del ritmo de crecimiento al que hemos estado acostumbrados desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial, o si esto es lo que de ahora en adelante va a ser normal. Es cierto que en algunas economías avanzadas los rendimientos a largo plazo han aumentado últimamente, pero lo que nos enseñó la experiencia de Japón es que no podemos estar seguros de si el escape de la trampa de escaso crecimiento y tasas de interés bajas es algo que está a punto de suceder o si va a ser duradero.


Research Review: Moral Consequences of Becoming Unemployed

Luis Miller
April 20, 2017

Understanding how becoming unemployed affects people’s preferences and values is important. According to the International Labor Organization, almost two-hundred million people were unemployed worldwide in 2015, over seventy millions of which were youth aged 15-24, an estimated 12.9 percent of the global youth population. The economic consequences of youth unemployment are severe and, in addition to the monetary costs, unemployment is associated with poor psychological and physical health.


Blog: Could Mining Countries Take Advantage of Additional Resource Revenues? Evidence from a Commodity Super-Cycle

Carmen Cifuentes and Óscar Perelló
April 19, 2017

A large amount of literature has been developed on the so-called “Resource Curse” hypothesis, which suggests that natural resource abundant countries tend to have slower growth rates than resource-poor countries (Sachs and Warner 1997, 2001). However, another branch of the literature rejects this theory and proposes that the long-run relationship between these variables is ambiguous, since it actually depends on institutional quality (Mehlum et al 2006; Tornell and Lane 1999). This line of thought argues that institutions could encourage private agents to deviate their inputs to unproductive rent-seeking activities, which might counteract the contribution of resource rents if the institutional framework is not strong enough. We should expect this appropriation process to be particularly relevant for mining commodities during the 2000’s boom, as they have been pointed out as the most susceptible to rent-seeking issues (Boschini et al 2007, 2012). This point, in addition to the fact that mining commodities seem to be the most affected product group by China’s demand shifts, which was one of the main factors stimulating the 2000’s commodity boom (Jenkins, 2011), make mining countries a particularly interesting case of study.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of April 18, 2017

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