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Research Review: Access to Credit is Crucial for Exporting
Roberto Álvarez (Department of Economics, University of Chile) and Ricardo A. López (International Business School, Brandeis University)
May 26, 2016
The World Bank’s 2015 report on the role of Latin America and the south in global priorities highlighted that the traditional north-south hierarchy is changing, and with it assumptions about trade and finance. The last 40 years have seen the south’s share of global trade increase by a half to 51 per cent, with this figure predicted to rise to 64 per cent by 2030. While China takes the lion’s share, a few countries in South America and the Caribbean are also major players in the new global trade order. One aspect which may be holding many countries back, however, is lack of access to credit that allows for exportation.
Ana Fernanda Maiguashca (Co-Director, Banco de la Republica)
May 25, 2016
The informal economy - the part of an economy that is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government – is a growing problem in emerging markets. Whether measured as the portion of the workforce that does not comply with the labour, tax and social protection laws or people employed in low marginal productivity jobs, informality is high in Latin America and has been persistent throughout recent decades.
Working papers: Latest Research
New entries on 24 May 2016
Eduardo Cavallo (BID)
May 23, 2016
Investing in infrastructure is crucial for a country’s economic performance and growth prospects. In fact, it not only can make a difference in people’s everyday lives by providing better roads and schools, but it can actually save lives. During the last decade, Chile and Haiti provided two contrasting examples of this in the face of earthquakes due to their different levels of readiness and resilience to natural disasters.
María Caridad Araujo (Economista líder en protección social)
May 20, 2016
Los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), aprobados por la Asamblea de las Naciones Unidas, tienen implicaciones importantes sobre el bienestar de las familias y los niños durante el inicio de la vida. Algunos de los indicadores que se persiguen son la erradicación de la pobreza extrema y la desnutrición, la reducción de la mortalidad materna e infantil y el acceso a servicios de desarrollo infantil de calidad. ¿Dónde se concentran los principales desafíos?
New entry: Courses
Curso Neuroeconomía - Universidad EAFIT, Colombia
El curso esta organizado por el PhD en Economía y las MSc de Economía y Finanzas. Se realizara una introducción a la Neuroeconomía, analizando la estructura y funcionamiento del cerebro para mejorar el entendimiento sobre el toma de decisiones económicas.
Duración: Julio 12-15, 2016
Mas información aquí
José Augusto Fernandes (Director, Policy and Strategy, Confederação Nacional da Industria)
May 18, 2016
Latin America is facing an economic slowdown. Between 2003 and 2008, Latin American countries grew at an average annual rate of 5.2%, according to the IMF. The period was one of growth acceleration, as the region in previous years (1999-2003) posted an average growth of 1.7%. But since 2010, the region has experienced continuous slowdown. Growth is projected at -0.3% in 2015, down from 1.3% in 2014 and 1.2 percentage points below the forecast in April 2015.
Working papers: Latest Research
New entries on 17 May 2016
May 16, 2016
How should Latin American countries invest in capabilities to boost their per capita incomes? Research at the IDB suggests that much of the gap in income per-capita levels between Latin American countries and the United States is due not to the amount of capital accumulated. Rather it is a result of drops in the region’s productivity levels vis-à-vis the U.S. The trick is figuring out where investment is going to most increase productivity and help a country jump to a new level in per capita income. Should policy makers prioritize investment in education, health, or infrastructure? Or would it be better to pump money into one of those sectors along with capital markets and innovation?