Latest activity

​Blog: Social protection and the financial inclusion of rural women in family farming in Latin America

Bettina Gatt (Gender Consultant in the Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - FAO)
July 21, 2017

The fourth webinar in the ‘Gender-Sensitive Social Protection’ series explored the potential of social protection to contribute to the empowerment of rural women, focusing on financial inclusion programmes in Latin America. It was held on 30 November 2016, in Spanish, for a Latin American audience and featured contributions from Paola Bustamante Suárez (former Minister of Development and Social Inclusion from Peru), Magdalena Mayorga (Advisor to the Chairman of the Board of BanEcuador BP) and Soledad Parada (FAO). Paola Bustamante Suárez’s presentation discussed the impact of cash transfers on women’s empowerment in the context of family farming in Latin America. Several governments in the region have implemented a set of interventions aimed at complementing large-scale cash transfer programmes. This has led to significant progress in the provision of protection to vulnerable women and strengthening their economic autonomy. In Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, cash transfer programmes have been complemented by other interventions with the aim to financially include women and enable them to participate in more economically productive activities.

Research Review: Do Electoral Dry Laws Lead to Short-Term Public Health Gains?

Marcos Y. Nakaguma (Professor, Department of Economics, University of São Paulo) and Brandon J. Restrepo (Economist, Diet, Safety, and Health Economics Branch, Food Economics Division, USDA Economic Research Service)
July 20 2017

There is a consensus regarding the existence of a strong relationship between excessive alcohol consumption and public health, but much less is known about policy tools that are effective in reducing the negative externalities associated with excessive alcohol consumption. This column summarizes a policy evaluation in which variation in the availability of alcohol within Brazilian municipalities over time generated by state-imposed electoral dry laws is used to estimate the impact of restricting access to alcohol on public health outcomes.

​Blog: La economía ahogada por el estado: el caso de Argentina

Agustin Garcia
July 19, 2017

Entre los objetivos del actual gobierno argentino se encuentra el de llevar a cabo una reforma tributaria que minimice las ineficiencias y distorsiones del sistema tributario actual; que reduzca los niveles de evasión y elusión fiscal y que incentive la formalización de la economía. Sin embargo, es necesario que se haga hincapié en reducir la carga fiscal que hoy en día soportan los contribuyentes, dado que, en el afán de financiar un gasto público creciente, ha llegado a niveles históricamente altos.

Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of July 18, 2017

Blog: Así funcionan las transferencias condicionadas en el área de la salud

Nadin Medellín, Marco Stampini y Pablo Ibarrarán
July 17, 2017

El uso de los servicios de salud por parte de las poblaciones más desfavorecidas en la región, así como sus condiciones de salud, han mejorado en los últimos años. Esto se debe, en parte, a que alrededor de 30 millones de familias en América Latina y el Caribe participan en algún tipo de programa de transferencias monetarias condicionadas (PTMC), en el que reciben periódicamente apoyos monetarios del gobierno.  Muchas veces, lo primero que la gente piensa es que se trata de una dádiva y que no hay cambios estructurales en las familias. Sin embargo, la realidad es diferente. ¿Qué buscan los programas de transferencias condicionadas?

Blog: Panama’s secret to economic growth? Immigrants

Stéphanie Thomson (Editor, World Economic Forum)
July 14, 2017

Latin America is in the economic doldrums. After almost a decade of progress, GDP has been negative for the past two years, making it the region’s worst contraction since the 1980s. But there’s one exception: Panama. Between 2001 and 2013, the country’s economy grew at twice the rate of the regional average. In fact, it has been one of the fastest growing economies in the world. So what’s its secret sauce? Probably not what you’d expect, given the backlash across the rest of the world: immigration. Immigrants: an economic boon. That’s according to Harvard Professor Ricardo Hausmann, speaking in a session at the World Economic Forum on Latin America.

Opportunities: Massive Open Online Courses

  • Introduction into General Theory of Relativity - Higher School of Economics. Starts: July 17, 2017. Provided by Coursera
  • Realidad Macroeconómica Latinoamericana - Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo.Starts: July 19, 2017. Provided by BID
  • Introduction to Mathematical Thinking - Stanford University. Starts: July 24, 2017. Provided by Coursera
  • Data Science Math Skills - Duke University. Starts: July 24, 2017. Provided by Coursera
  • Bayesian Statistics: From Concept to Data Analysis - University of California, Santa Cruz. Starts: July 31, 2017. Provided by Coursera
  • Introduction to Complex Analysis - Wesleyan University. Starts: July 31, 2017. Provided by Coursera

Blog: Gender-sensitive social protection in the Caribbean

Raquel Tebaldi and Charlotte Bilo
July 12, 2017

The fifth webinar in the gender-sensitive social protection series focused on the Caribbean region. Bénédicte Leroy de la Brière’s presentation questioned whether adopting a gender-sensitive approach to social protection enhances the poverty reduction effectiveness of programmes, highlighting the state of knowledge regarding several key areas, such as education and labour market outcomes, as well as current knowledge gaps. Mario Esteban Sosa presented the case of the ‘Eating is First’ (Comer es primero) programme in the Dominican Republic and its gender dimensions in terms of food security.

Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of July 11, 2017

​Blog: Brazil has the best universities in Latin America - but are these countries about to catch up?

John McKenna
July 10, 2017

When it comes to ranking higher education providers in Latin America, Brazil is a clear winner. Last year’s inaugural Times Higher Education Latin American University Rankingsfeatured five Brazilian universities in the top 10, including overall leader São Paulo University – the only Latin American university to appear inside the top 300 in a listing of the world’s top universities. Overall, Brazillian universities occupy 23 of the top 50 Latin American slots in the rankings. Speaking to Times Higher Education (THE), Carolina Guzmán-Valenzuela, researcher at the Centre for Advanced Research in Education at the University of Chile, said that Brazil’s success in the ranking reflected its high research outputs, high production of patents, and high research and development spending as a proportion of gross domestic product (1.15%) compared with its regional neighbours, such as Mexico (0.426%) and Chile (0.363%).

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