The Spread of COVID-19 and Policy Responses

Produced by: 
The World Bank
Available from: 
January 2021
Paper author(s): 
Ergys Islamaj
Young Eun Kim
Duong Trung Le
Topic: 
Education - Health
Fiscal Policy - Public and Welfare Economics
Year: 
2021

Since early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has spread to most countries and territories around the world. For many countries, the second wave of infections is turning out to be more serious than the first. Notwithstanding the global spread of the virus, public policy responses have varied across countries and regions. This brief analyzes the spread of COVID-19 and the effectiveness of policy efforts to contain the disease across a large number of countries. The findings suggest that public health measures—especially testing—and economic support policies are associated with effective containment of the disease, and thus are supporting fundamental prerequisites for a resumption of normalcy, until vaccines are rolled out and community immunity is obtained.

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