The Bilateral Relationship between Depressive Symptoms and Employment Status

Produced by: 
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Available from: 
March 2017
Paper author(s): 
Melisa Bubonya
Deborah A. Cobb-Clark
David Ribar
Topic: 
Education - Health
Labor
Year: 
2017

This paper analyzes the bilateral relationship between depressive symptoms and employment status. We find that severe depressive symptoms are partially a consequence of economic inactivity. The incidence of depressive symptoms is higher if individuals have been out of a job for an extended period. Men’s mental health falls as they exit the labor force, while women’s worsens only after they have been out of the labor force for a period of time. Entering unemployment is also associated with a substantial deterioration in mental health, particularly for men. We also find that severe depressive symptoms, in turn, lead to economic inactivity. Individuals are less likely to be labor force participants or employed if they experience severe depressive symptoms. Men’s probability of being unemployed rises dramatically with the onset of depressive symptoms; women’s unemployment is increased by protracted depressive symptoms.

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