The accumulation of capital and economic growth in Brazil. A long-term prospective (1950-2008)

Available from: 
March 2015
Paper author(s): 
Juan Pablo Mateo Tomé (Kingston University, London)
Topic: 
Microeconomics - Competition - Productivity
Politics and Economy
Year: 
2015

This article analyses the development of economic growth in Brazil in terms of capital accumulation, following the Marxist approach. The aim is to identify the relationship between the two processes, looking at the profit rate, which along with investment effort determines productive investment. In turn, this one affects the capital-labour ratio and labour productivity. Both, with the addition of the price ratio, determine the productivity of capital, a key variable in understanding the accumulation process in Brazil. Using the period 1950-2008 allows comparing two phases in the Brazilian economy, the period of substitutive industrialisation and the neoliberal phase, all from the perspective of the relationship between the aforementioned variables.

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