Growth Performance of Middle-Income Countries: East Asia vs. Latin America

Produced by: 
Center for Global Development
Available from: 
January 2023
Paper author(s): 
Shahid Yusuf
Macroeconomics - Economic growth - Monetary Policy

The stellar performance of the four East Asian Tiger economies during the last quarter of the twentieth century is contrasted with that of middle-income countries in Southeast Asia and Latin America over the past two decades. On balance, the SE Asians have done better than Latin American ones by pursuing export led industrial strategies however, unlike the Tigers, neither group has been able to enter the ranks of high-income countries. The paper offers reasons for the shortfall in growth and briefly examines the medium-term prospects of the Asians relative to those of Latin American countries. The evidence suggests that MICs in the two regions have gravitated towards ‘regional rates of growth’ and that the growth thermostat responds minimally to policy actions.


Research section: 
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