Inflation Targeting in Colombia, 2002-2012

Produced by: 
Banco de la República de Colombia
Available from: 
May 2014
Paper author(s): 
Franz Hamann (Banco de la República)
Marc Hofstetter (Universidad de los Andes)
Miguel Urrutia (Universidad de los Andes)
Macroeconomics - Economic growth - Monetary Policy

After decades using monetary aggregates as the main instrument of monetary policy and having different varieties of crawling peg exchange rate regimes, Colombia adopted a full-fledged inflation-targeting (IT) regime in 1999, with inflation as the nominal anchor, a floating exchange rate, and the short-term interest rate as the main instrument. We examine the experience of the Colombian Central Bank over the last decade, a period of consolidation and innovation of its IT strategy. We study the increasing number of instruments used by the CB, including systematic foreign exchange interventions, announcements, and, sporadically, macro-prudential policies, capital controls, and changes in reserve requirements, among others. The study also examines some political economy dimensions that help explain the behavior of the CB during this period. To guide the discussion, we estimate a small-scale open-economy-policy-model.


Research section: 
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