Trends in Longevity in the Americas: Disparities in Life Expectancy in Women and Men, 1965-2010

Available from: 
June 2015
Paper author(s): 
Ian R. Hambleton , Christina Howitt, Selvi Jeyaseelan, Madhuvanti M. Murphy, Anselm J Hennis, Rainford Wilks, E. Nigel Harris, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan
Gender Economics
History and Economics

LE in Latin America and the Caribbean is exceeding ‘minimum standard’ international targets, and is improving relative to the world region with the highest human longevity. The Caribbean, which had the highest LE and the lowest between-country LE disparities in Latin America and the Caribbean in 1965-70, had the lowest LE and the highest LE disparities by 2005-10. Caribbean Governments have championed a collaborative solution to the growing burden of non-communicable disease, with 15 territories signing on to the Declaration of Port of Spain, signalling regional commitment to a coordinated public-health response. The persistent LE inequity between Caribbean countries suggests that public health interventions should be tailored to individual countries to be most effective. Between- and within-country disparity monitoring for a range of health metrics should be a priority, first to guide country-level policy initiatives, then to contribute to the assessment of policy success.


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