The Economic Payoff of Creating Good Job Conditions: Theory and Evidence from Latin America

Produced by: 
University of Minnesota
Available from: 
April 2014
Paper author(s): 
Chaparro, Juan
Lora, Eduardo
Topic: 
Labor
Theory
Year: 
2014

 Based on Akerlof and Kranton (2005), who argue that group identity and social norms influence individual preferences towards work effort, a model is developed to understand why firms create good job conditions, taking into account the cost of implementing them and their impact on wages and productivity. Then, using individual-level data from the Gallup World Poll for 18 Latin American countries, the main predictions of the model are tested using propensity score matching. We find a positive link between good job conditions, workers’ labor income and productivity when there are several simultaneous signals of a good work environment. We conclude that there is a positive payoff of investing in good job conditions for both workers and firms.

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