Towards greener cities with social and gender equity in Latin America

Available from: 
August 2014
Paper author(s): 
Vivianne Ventura-Dias
Topic: 
Agricultural - Natural Resource Economics
Environmental Economics
Gender Economics
Year: 
2014

This paper explores the relationships between environment, sustainability and the caring economy in the discussion of social and gender equity dimensions of a green growth strategy. The discussion is set in the contemporary global urban context because the majority of Latin American women and men live in cities, and the majority of the world population will likely be city dwellers in the near future. Urbanisation and industrialisation converted men and women in major consumers of all critical ecosystems causing global ecological conditions without precedents. A derived objective is to put together concepts and understandings of gender equity, economy of care, social and environmental sustainability pulled out from a broad multi-disciplinary literature that can be useful to interpret the transition to greener cities with social and gender equity in Latin America.

The paper reviews notions of sustainability, care, and gender equity drawn from an eclectic literature and criticises current patterns of consumption and living in the current context of growing income and wealth concentration. The paper endorses the principle of sufficiency as advanced by Thomas Princen. It suggests that a green growth proposal raises questions in terms of desirability, viability, effectiveness, and equity objectives. A green economy with social and gender equity should be part of a society in which the values of caring become central social values. Nevertheless, the distressing routine of violence at all levels of human interaction reminds us that we still do not know how to move from present affluent,self-centred, competitive, and violenteconomies into a society organised around the values of empathy, solidarity, and cooperation encompassed by the ethic of care.

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Research section: 
Lacea 2013 annual meeting
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