Women at work: addressing the gaps

Produced by: 
International Policy Center for Inclusive Growth
Available from: 
April 2018
Paper author(s): 
Niky Fabiancic
Diana Sawyer
Fábio Veras Soares
Rafael Guerreiro Osorio
Sergei Soares
Luis Henrique Paiva
Topic: 
Gender Economics
Labor
Year: 
2019

The issue opens with a theoretical discussion about the feminisation of work, and the links between female labour market participation and women’s economic empowerment. An overview follows of the trends in gender gaps in labour participation and pay, promoting a discussion of the determinants of these trends. Articles then go on to examine specific policies and interventions to assess their good practices, limitations and unintended effects. The authors do not simply consider potential solutions to address inequalities within labour markets, but also examine a leading form of inequality which is generated outside the labour market: the unequal distribution of unpaid care work within the household. Also contemplated is the role of social norms, to both explain the supply and demand of women’s labour and highlight the need for change in the interest of fostering gender equality. The contributions in this issue provide elements that might enable this change and suggest avenues for further research and policy experimentation. We hope that this publication contributes useful evidence for policies that can help empower women and remove barriers to a virtuous circle between their economic empowerment and sustainable development in a broader sense.

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