Overview of the supply and coverage of Social Assistance Services in Bahia

Globalization - Trade
Macroeconomics - Economic growth - Monetary Policy

This article  was previously published in the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth One Pager Nr. 479, on August 10, 2021.

In 2018, a partnership was signed between the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) with the government of of the state of Bahia, Brazil, which was materialised in a letter of agreement within the scope of Project BRA/16/006 for the Strengthening of Social Protection Policies in Bahia. Among the products planned are Products 6 and 7, examining the supply and quality of social protection services in the state. This One Pager presents the main findings of the study

Social assistance services in Brazil are subdivided by level of social protection: Basic Social Protection (PSB); Special Social Protection of Medium Complexity (PSE-M) and of High Complexity (PSE-A). The main PSB and PSE-M facilities are, respectively, the Reference Centres for Social Assistance (CRAS) and the Specialised Reference Centres for Social Assistance (CREAS). The PSE-A services are provided by accommodation care facilities, focusing exclusively on providing for individuals in vulnerable social contexts.

The indicators studied to analyse the supply and coverage of the social assistance network were based on data from the 2019 SUAS Census, the Monthly Registry of Social Assistance Services (RMA) and the Single Registry. As the demand for services was estimated using specific categories from the Single Registry, it was not possible to observe real demand for social assistance services, especially in cases where it is contingent upon social and demographic contingents that are not always linked to income, such as cases of violence, which are more common in special social protection.

The main outcomes of the study are presented in Table 1.

The analysis aims to support the Social Assistance Superintendency (Superintendência de Assistência Social—SAS) to obtain indicators that contribute to improving the monitoring and evaluation of social assistance policy in Bahia, in addition to helping establish priorities for the State Social Assistance Plan (PEAS) and the SUAS Management Improvement Pact.


Bloch, C., K. C. Pereira, and M. Rocha. 2021. “Produtos 6 e 7: Relatório Final sobre a análise da oferta e qualidade dos serviços proteção social básica e especial na Bahia.” In: “Projeto BRA/16/006 Fortalecimento das Políticas de Proteção Social na Bahia”. Brasília: International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.

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