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Blog: La lucha contra la desigualdad en la era de la COVID-19

Matías Busso y Julián Messina
October 23, 2020

Después del África Subsahariana, América Latina y el Caribe es la región más desigual del mundo, y la desigualdad del ingreso está empeorando como resultado de la pandemia de la COVID-19. Debido a los efectos a largo plazo que se prevé tendrá esta pandemia, es probable que la desigualdad siga empeorando durante muchos años si no se adoptan las políticas adecuadas.


Working paper: The Peace Baby Boom: Evidence from Colombia’s peace agreement with the FARC

María Elvira Guerra-Cújar, Mounu Prem, Paul Rodríguez-Lesmes and Juan F. Vargas
October 22, 2020

Violent environments are known to affect household fertility choices, demand for health services and health outcomes of newborns. Using administrative data with a difference-in- differences strategy, we study how the end of the 50 years old Colombian conflict with FARC modified such decisions and outcomes in traditionally affected areas of the country. Results indicate that, after the start of permanent ceasefire in December 2014, the secular reduction of the total fertility rate was slowed down in municipalities traditionally affected by conflict. Total fertility rates increased in 2.6 percent in the formerly conflict-affected areas relative to the rest of the country.


Blog: Venezuelan Diaspora in Brazil Left Blindsided by COVID-19 as Migrant Flow Persists

Gerelyn Terzo
October 21, 2020

Venezuela’s economy has been mired in a crisis for years, having been rocked by hyperinflation and political turmoil long before the COVID-19 pandemic even hit. The virus has exacerbated the situation, but the trend of millions of Venezuelans fleeing for opportunities abroad — from the United States to Mexico to Costa Rica to Ecuador to Brazil — was already embedded in the culture. It is hard to talk about what the Venezuelan diaspora in Brazil is facing in the wake of COVID-19 without exploring the conditions leading up to it.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of October 20, 2020


Blog: ¿Cómo apoyar a las familias en pandemia?

Marta Rubio-Codina
October 19, 2020

El aumento de la pobreza, además de la disminución de servicios de salud y de cuidado para las familias y sus niños, son algunas de las áreas que preocupan a gobernantes, líderes y, sobre todo, a padres y madres. Estos últimos siguen sin encontrar la fórmula que les permita lidiar con la nueva situación, mientras los más pequeños no esperan. Su desarrollo no se detiene y necesita de los estímulos y el cariño adecuados para continuar fortaleciéndose.


Blog: Espacios libres de humo y la prevalencia del consumo de tabaco en Bogotá, Colombia

Susana Otálvaro-Ramírez
October 16, 2020

Comprender los efectos de las políticas de control del tabaco en la prevalencia del tabaquismo es de gran importancia en salud pública, dado que las acciones regulatorias preventivas pueden tener efectos sustanciales y duraderos sobre el bienestar a largo plazo, mitigando el consumo y promoviendo hábitos saludables. Desde los años 90, los gobiernos del mundo han desarrollado iniciativas para desincentivar el consumo de tabaco, y fue desde la Convención Marco de la Organización Mundial de la Salud para el Control del Tabaco en 2005 que se promovieron políticas de control del consumo de tabaco significativas para prevenir, desalentar y reducir el tabaquismo, que abarcan desde impuestos, hasta espacios libres de humo y campañas educativas.


Research Review: How can Latin America go digital? The role of both telecommunication regulation and institutions

Juan Jung (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Telecom Advisory Services) and Angel Melguizo (AT&T Latin America)
October 15, 2020

Long-term investment is driven by certain, adequate and trusted rules and institutions. Business press publish everyday statements by companies on future plans (or the cancellation of them) after certain regulatory decisions or institutional reforms. However, the empirical evidence is relatively thin when it comes to the strength impact of rules and institutions on investment, the specific rules and institutions that matter the most, or the interactions of these factors as, for instance, a good government or regulator could set de facto an optimal functioning of markets that could compensate for inadequate rules.


Blog: Why COVID-19 is an EdTech opportunity for Latin America

Greg Mitchell (Regional Director, Angel Ventures)
October 14, 2020

Latin America is one of the most unequal regions in the world. Three-quarters of Latin Americans are categorized as low or lower-middle-income with 30% living below the poverty line. Though many countries in the region have made significant strides towards lowering income inequality in the past few years, the richest decile of Latin Americans still owns 71% of the region’s wealth. Combine the region’s income inequality with the COVID-19 crisis, and low-income families are now facing unprecedented challenges.

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