The Gendered Labor Market Impacts of Trade Liberalization: Evidence from Brazil

Produced by: 
The World Bank
Available from: 
November 2014
Paper author(s): 
Isis Gaddis
Janneke Pieters
Demographic Economics - Migration

This paper investigates gender differences in the impact of Brazil’s trade liberalization on labor market outcomes. To indentify the causal effect of trade reforms, the paper uses difference-in-difference estimation exploiting variation across microregions in pre-liberalization industry composition. The analysis finds that trade liberalization reduced male and female labor force participation and employment rates, but the effects on men were significantly larger. Thereby, tariff reductions contributed to gender convergence in labor force participation and employmet rates. Gender differences are concentrated among the low-skilled population and in the tradable sector, where male and female workers are most likely to be imperfect substitutes.


Research section: 
Latest Research
Share this